Serviceberry shrub ~ Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia), Shadblow (Amelanchier canadensis)
Full sun to partial shade.
A. alnifolia – Zones 3-10
A. canadensis – Zones 41-7b
A. alnifolia prefers moist, well-drained soil, but is quite tolerant of a range of soils.
A. canadensis prefers wet sites. Plant this one if you have clay soil.
Vigorous, rounded, multiple-stemmed shrub from 6 to 15 feet, depending upon cultural practices. Delightful white flowers in early spring are followed by abundant magenta to blue-black small fruit in July. Tends to form colonies as it ages.
Shrub, shrub border, foundation plant, orchard.
A. canadensis is also good in riparian borders and wet spots.
Sweet, blueberry-sized blue black fruit is loaded with anthocyanins and other antioxidant compounds on par with blueberry. The fruit is delightful for fresh eating, pie making, and making the finest of preserves.
Saskatoons are grown as a commercial orchard crop in western Canada and deserve more widespread use in our region
Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) – A large shrub or small tree, this serviceberry bears clusters of star-shaped white flowers in spring followed by purple to black fruits. Fall foliage is yellow to red. Makes a good under story tree. 20-30′ tall by 10-15′ wide. $39 / 5 gal., $49 / 7 gal
Shadblow serviceberry, Downy serviceberry (Amalanchier canadensis) – A large shrub or small tree, usually pruned to reveal the bark. 6-20′ tall. Sweet, red changing to black fruit. Fall foliage is yellow and falls early. Prefers wet sites.
$32 / 3 gal, $39 / 5 gal., $49 / 7 gal
A. Alnifolia – 3 gal: 4