Exposure: Full sun to light shade. Zone 4-7. Prefers slopes, as apple trees need good airflow to reduce fungal diseases.
Soil: Soil tolerant but deep, rich soil preferred. Do not plant in low, wet poorly drained soil. pH 6.5
Growth habits: : A small to medium sized, single-trunked tree, depending on rootstock. Semi-dwarf trees generally reach 15-20 feet tall. Dwarf trees reach 8-10 feet tall.
Landscape uses: Apple blossoms are a beautiful sight in April with their pinkish white flowers covering the tree. Depending upon the variety, apples produce fruit from mid-summer through fall. Plant where they can be seen from your house or office. Use as home orchard trees, that, once mature can yield 300 pounds of fruit annually or semi-annually depending upon variety. To produce high-quality fruit, an organic spray program may be needed. Choose disease-resistant fruits where possible.
Usefulness: Sweet, firm, juicy fruit is a planetary favorite. Use for fresh eating, cooking, canning, apple butter, drying, or cider making. Different varieties have different uses and fruit characteristics.
Pollination: Two varieties needed for cross-pollination.
$39.00 / 5 gal, $49.00 / 7 gal, not all varieties available in all sizes
'Arkansas Black' - Medium-sized deep red winter keeping apple. Flesh is firm, white, and crisp. Fruits mature to their best flavor after a few months in the refrigerator. Also good for wildlife plantings because the tree is resistant to cedar apple rust and the apples hang on the tree for a long time.
'Ashmead's Kernel' - Medium size greenish yellow fruit with brown blush, usually covered with a heavy russet. Flat round shape, sometimes slightly conical. Crisp, yellowish flesh; sugary, juicy and aromatic. Tart when tree-ripe, peak flavor quality in early November. Makes excellent tasting cider. Keeps 3-4 months. Large precocious tree; ripens late October. Hardy to -40F. Good resistance to scab. Late, high-quality dessert apple.
'Enterprise' dwarf and semi-dwarf - Deep red, flavorful fruit, good for fresh eating and baking. Fire blight and cedar apple rust resistant. ‘Enterprise’ is a slightly tart, very crisp and juicy, large deep red apple that is good for fresh eating and desserts. It keeps well for several months. Mid to late season bloomer. (Pollinate with Empire, Goldrush, Honeycrisp, Liberty, Sweet Sixteen.)
'Golden Russet' - Medium-sized fruit that is intermediate to flat, truncate-conic, convex shaped. Skin is thick yellowish russet with occasional bright red tinge. The flesh is firm crisp, pale yellow with sweet aromatic flavor and very sugary juice. Used for cider, dried apples, fresh eating and cooking. Season late to very late. Excellent keeper. Dec-April. Vigorous, medium to large tree. Scab resistant, suffers little from pests.
'Goldrush' - dwarf and semi-dwarf. Fire blight resistant but susceptible to cedar apple rust. Goldrush has a distinctively spicy flavor, a rare combination of intense acidity and high sugar content. This yellow-green with a red blush on the sunward side apple will keep in storage for six months, in fact its flavor improves after a month or so of storage. Goldrush is a multi-purpose apple that makes excellent cider, is ideal for salads or drying because it doesn’t brown, maintains its flavor and firmness in pies and is good for fresh eating. Ripens in late October to early November. Comes into production quickly and bears annually. Chuck's and Debbie's favorite apple. (Pollinate with Empire, Enterprise, or Honeycrisp.) Late blooming; does not pollinate with Liberty. Best in zones 5-7.
'Liberty' dwarf and semi-dwarf- Disease resistant. ‘Liberty’ is a very productive, annual bearing, deep reddish purple apple that is tart with a wine-like aroma and mild astringency that adds a pleasant finish to ciders. It is an all purpose apple that is well suited to fresh eating, pies, sauces, and processing, though it only is good for fresh eating for a few months of refrigerated storage. ‘Liberty’ has its best flavor if tree ripened. Early blooming - does not pollinate with Goldrush.
'Limbertwig' semi-dwarf - A heritage variety grafted from our neighbor Reed Murphy's favorite tree. He asked us to graft some for him so we grafted some extras for our customers too.
‘Sweet Sixteen’ semi-dwarf - Resistant to scab and fireblight, susceptible to cedar apple rust. This is a very cold-hardy, medium-sized apple with red-striped fruit that has cream colored flesh that is very sweet, crisp, and juicy. It stores well and is good for fresh eating, baking and sauces. Mid-season bloom with September harvest.
'Wealthy' semi-dwarf - An older variety of apple. Fruit produced is a yellowish apple with red stripes and tend to be large and very crsipy. Excellent for pies, sauces and juices. Fruit matures early September.
'William's Pride' semi-dwarf - an early-maturing, attractive, dark red apple (Malus xdomestica Borkh.) with excellent fruit quality and field immunity to apple scab from the Purdue breeding program.
'Wynooche Early' dwarf or semi-dwarf - An all purpose delicious mid-summer apple that has many superior qualities, from disease resistance and excellent keeping qualities all the way to the thin skin which almost disappears when cooked. This apple never needs to be peeled. The earliest ripening apple we carry. $49/7 gal.
'Yates' – Originated with Matthew Yates of Fayette County, GA about 1844. Apples are small in size and oblate conic in shape. Pale yellow skin is striped and flushed dark red and covered with small gray dots. Highly suitable for cider making and dessert. Stores exceptionally well and ripens in October.